A microgrid is a growing technology in the energy industry, representing a paradigm shift from centralized remote station power plants to a more localized, distributed generation. The main benefit of microgrids is their ability to work in parallel with the existing grid and that the grid connection can either be AC grid or DC grid. In addition, Microgrid modeling is an effective way to avoid reverse connections and ensure a microgrid’s successful implementation. Here are the benefits of a microgrid:
Its central location makes microgrids more closely located near the load. Thus capable of extracting power from distributed renewable energy sources. In other words, microgrid works effectively with the existing power system distribution services to match the variable load demand. Furthermore, microgrids can isolate power from the larger grid, making the technology resilient and more competitive.
Act as an auxiliary for the primary grid
Microgrids also support the distribution and utilization of power, thanks to the protection systems, making it easier to disconnect from the disturbance, such as any fault in the primary grid. Furthermore, the fact that microgrid can operate in a standalone mode has improved the reliability and quality of the power. Moreover, it is easier to evaluate microgrids separately and solve the problem without affecting the main power supply.
Effective energy sources
With microgrids, it has become easier to extract local energy. For instance, the solar system requires very little time to design and install the power plant, yet the plants are highly modular and a good alternative for the power source. Moreover, since solar structures are static and have no moving parts, PV generation systems have a longer lifetime, making them suitable renewable energy sources connected with a microgrid.
Renewable energy sources
Microgrid technology is not only inexpensive but also doesn’t pollute the environment by releasing flue gases. Thus, this has made fuel cell power popular, especially in commercial and domestic applications. Moreover, microgrid applications effectively replace IC engine usage as they reduce greenhouse gases and have improved efficiency.
With the increase in power demand, renewable energy sources have become the way to go, especially with the rise in global warming. Local microgrids such as wind, solar, and microturbines are slowly becoming the future power sources. The latest microgrid modeling has advantages like green energy integration, scalability, and modularity supported by different renewable and non-renewable energy sources. In other words, microgrids are becoming the most effective method of extraction and distribution of energy power.